Philosophy for Children
Philosophy for Children / P4C
‘Philosophy for children aims not only to strengthen good reasoning, inquiry and concept-formation but to cultivate an intellectual and social virtue, to bring about the transformation of persons into more reasonable individuals committed to the creation of a reasonable world. Another way of saying this is to say that Philosophy for Children aims at the cultivation of wisdom.’
Quotations from ‘The Ethics of Translation’ by Ann Margaret Sharp.
During our P4C lessons at Severnbanks Primary School, we notice how children focus on their thinking skills and communal dialogue whilst aiming to build 'communities of enquiry' where participants develop the 4C's: creative, critical, caring and collaborative skills.
- Caring = listening (concentrating) and valuing (appreciating) (e.g. showing interest in, and sensitivity to, others’ experiences and values
- Collaborative = responding (communicating) and supporting (conciliating) (e.g. building on each other’s ideas, shaping common understandings and purposes)
- Critical = questioning (interrogating) and reasoning (evaluating) (e.g. seeking meaning, evidence, reasons, distinctions, and good judgements)
- Creative = connecting (relating) and suggesting (speculating) (e.g. providing comparisons, examples, criteria, alternative explanations or conceptions)